Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


6 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2024
Revenue Recognition  



The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“Topic 606”).


Topic 606 has established a five-step process to determine the amount of revenue to record from contracts with customers. The five steps are:


  Identify the contract with the customer;
  Identify the performance obligations in the contract with customer;
  Determine the transaction price;
  Allocate the transaction price to performance obligations; and
  Recognize revenue when (or as) a performance obligation is satisfied.


Our revenues are earned under written contracts with our customers. The Marine Technology Business model includes both rentals and outright sales of underwater technologies which are utilized for a wide range of subsea applications. The Engineering Business supplies engineering services to mainly the prime defense contractors which may include concept, design, prototyping, and contract manufacturing. Our contracts do not include the possibility for additional contingent consideration so that our determination of the contract price does not involve having to consider potential additional variable consideration. Our sales do not include a right of return by the customer. Where there are contractual failures giving rise to post-sale obligations these are addressed under our warranty or through life support provisions.




Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2024 and October 31, 2023




Regarding our Marine Technology Business, all our products are sold on a stand-alone basis and those market prices are evidence of the value of the products. To the extent that we also provide services (e.g., installation, training, post-sales technical support, customization of our technology for bespoke application, etc.), those services are either included as part of the product or are subject to written contracts based on the stand-alone value of those services. Revenue from the sale of services is recognized when those services have been performed.


Revenue derived by the Marine Technology Business from subscription package offerings or equipment rental is recognized when performance obligations are met, in particular, on a daily basis during the subscription or rental period.


For arrangements with multiple performance obligations, we recognize product revenue by allocating the transaction revenue to each performance obligation based on a relative standalone selling price basis and recognize revenue when performance obligations are met including when equipment is delivered, and for rental of equipment, when installation, training and other services prescribed by the contract are performed.


Our contracts sometimes require customer payments in advance of revenue recognition. These are recognized as revenue when the Company has fulfilled its obligations under the respective contracts. Until such time, we recognize these prepayments as deferred revenue.


For software license sales for which any services rendered are not considered distinct to the functionality of the software, we recognize revenue upon delivery of the software by the provision of the software installers and activation codes to the software.


With respect to revenues related to our Services Business, there are contracts in place that specify the fixed hourly rate and other reimbursable costs to be billed based on material and direct labor hours incurred and revenue is recognized on these contracts based on material and the direct labor hours incurred. Revenues from fixed-price contracts are recognized on the percentage of completion method, measured by the percentage of costs incurred (materials and direct labor hours) to date to estimated total cost (materials and direct labor hours) for each contract. This method is used as we consider expenditures for direct materials and labor hours to be the best available measure of progress on these contracts.


On a quarterly basis, we examine all our fixed-price contracts to determine if there are any losses to be recognized during the period. Any such loss is recorded in the quarter in which the loss first becomes apparent based upon costs incurred to date and the estimated costs to complete as determined by experience from similar contracts. Variations from estimated contract performance could result in adjustments to operating results.


Recoverability of Deferred Costs


In accordance with Topic 606, we defer certain costs on projects for service revenue. Deferred costs consist primarily of incremental direct costs to customize and install systems, as defined in individual customer contracts, including costs to acquire hardware and software from third parties and payroll costs for our employees and other third parties. The pricing of these service contracts is intended to provide for the recovery of these types of deferred costs over the life of the contract.




Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2024 and October 31, 2023




We recognize such costs in accordance with our revenue recognition policy by contract. For revenue recognized under the percentage of completion method, costs are recognized as contract deliverables are provided in accordance with the percentage of completion calculation. For revenue recognized over time, costs are recognized ratably over the term of the contract, commencing on the date of revenue recognition. At each quarterly balance sheet date, we review deferred costs, to ensure they are ultimately recoverable.


Any anticipated losses on uncompleted contracts are recognized when evidence indicates the estimated total cost of a contract exceeds its estimated total revenue.


Other Revenue Disclosures


See Notes 12 and 13 – Segment Analysis and Disaggregation of Revenue. These Notes provide disclosure of our revenue by segment (Products Business versus Services Business); revenues from external customers and cost of those revenues; and split of revenue by geography including within and outside the USA.